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Manuscripts, Incunabula, and Printed Versions of the Morte

 

Malory, Sir Thomas. British Library Additional Manuscript 59678. Formerly Winchester Manusc

ript 13. Warden and Fellows’ Library, Winchester College 484 folios. [Copy text uncertain]

 

---. The Winchester Malory: A Facsimile. Introduction by N. R. Ker. E. E. T. S. Supplemental Series, No. 4. London, England: Oxford University Press, 1976.

 

---. The Noble and Joyous Book entytled le Morte Darthur. printed at Westminster in London, England: printed by William Caxton, July 31, 1485. [Copy text uncertain]

 

---. Sir Thomas Malory: Le Morte Darthur. Printed by William Caxton 1485. A facsimile. London, England: Scolar Press, 1976.

  

---. The booke of the noble Kyng, Kyng Arthur sometyme Kynge of Englonde of his Noble actes and feates of armes and chyvalrye, his noble knyghtes and table rounde and is devyded in to XXI. bookes. Westminster in London, England: printed by Wynkyn de Worde, 1498. [Printed from 1485 Caxton]

 

---. The booke of the moost noble and worthy prince Kyng. Kyng Arthur sometyme Kynge of grete Brytayne now called Englonde which treateth of his noble actes and feates of arms and of Chyvalrye. of his noble knyghtes of the table Rounde and this volume is devyded in to. XXI. bookes. Westminster in London, England: published by Wynkyn de Worde, 1529. [printed from 1498 de Worde]

 

---.The story of the most noble and worthy Kynge Arthur, the whiche was one of the worthyes chrysten, and also of his noble and valiaunte knyghtes of the rounde Table. London, England: printed by Wyllyam Copland, 1557. [printed from 1529 de Worde]

 

---. The storye of the most noble and worthy Kynge Arthur, the which was the fyrst of the worthyes Chrysten, and also of hys noble and valyaunt knyghtes of the rounde Table. Paules Wharfe & Baynardes Castell, England: printed by Thomas East, 1585. [likely printed from 1529 Worde and 1557 Copland]

 

---.The most ancient and famous History of the Renowned Prince Arthur, King of Britains wherein is declared his life and death, with all his glorious battailes against the

 

---.Saxons, Saracens, and pagans, which (for the honour of his country) he most worthily atchieued. As also, all the noble Acts, and Heroicke Deeds of his Valiant Knights of the Round Table. London, England: printed by William Stansby, 1634. [printed from 1585 East]

 

---. La Mort D’Arthur. The most ancient and famous History of the renowned Prince Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table. 3 vols. London, England: printed by R. Wilks, 1816. [Based on Stansby]

 

---.The History of th Renowned Prince Arthur, King of Britain; with his life and death, and all his glorious battles. Likewise, the noble acts and heroic deeds of his valiant Knights of the Round Table. 2 vols. London, England: J. Walker and Co., 1816. [Based on Stansby]

 

---. The Byrth, Lyf, and Actes of Kyng Arthur: of his Noble Knyghtes of the Rounde Table, Theyr Merveyllous Enquestes and Adventures, Thachyeuyng of the SancGreal; and in the end Le Morte Darthur, with the dolorous deth and departyng out of thys worlde of them al. 2 vols. Introduction by Robert Southey. London, England: printed by Thomas Davison, 1817. [printed from 1485 Caxton]

 

---. La Mort d’Arthure. The History of King Arthur and of his Knights of the Round Table compiled by Sir Thomas Malory, Knt. Ed. Thomas Wright. 3 vols. London, England: John R. Smith, 1858 (2nd edition in 1865 & 1866; 3rd ed. London: Reeves & Turner, 1889) [from 1634 Stansby]

 

---. Morte Darthur: Sir Thomas Malory’s Book of King Arthur and of His Noble Knights of the Round Table. Ed. Edward Strachey. London & Philadelphia: Macmillan, 1868. (2nd ed, 1868; index added 1869; introduction revised, 1891) [based on 1485 Caxton]

 

---. Le Morte Darthur by Syr Thomas Malory, the original edition of William Caxton now reprinted and edited with an introduction and glossary . . . with an essay on Malory’s prose style by Andrew Lang. Ed. H. Oskar Sommer. 3 vols. London, England: David Nutt, 1889-91. 

 

---. The Birth, Life and Acts of King Arthur, of his noble knights of the Round Table, their marvellous enquests and adventures, the achieving of the San Greal, and in the end le morte d’Arthur, with the dolorous death and departing out of this world of them all. Ed. F .J. Simmons. Introduction by John Rhys; illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley. London, England: J. M. Dent, 1893-4. (2nd ed., 1909; 3rd ed., 1927; reprinted often; republished Dorset Press, 1990) [Based on 1485 Caxton]

 

---.The Noble and Joyous History of King Arthur. Ed. Ernest Rhys. 2 vols. London, England: Walter Scott, 1892. [based on Stansby]

 

---. Le Morte Darthur by Sir Thomas Malory. Ed. Israel Gollancz. 4 vols. London, England: J. M. Dent, 1897.

 

---. Le Morte Darthur. Sir Thomas Malory’s Book of King Arthur and of his Noble Knights of the Round Table. 2 vols. London and New York: Macmillan, 1900.

 

---.Le Morte Darthur by Sir Thomas Malory. Ed. F. J. Simmons. 2 vols. London, England: J. M. Dent, 1906.

 

---. The Works of Sir Thomas Malory. Ed. Eugene Vinaver. 3 vols. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1947. (2nd ed, 1967; 3rd ed., Revised by P .J. C. Field 1990.) [based on Winchester manuscript and 1485 Caxton]

 

---. The Works of Sir Thomas Malory. London, England: Oxford University Press, 1954. (2nd ed., 1971 & 1977).

 

---Sir Thomas Malory: Le Morte D’Arthur. Ed. Janet Cowen. 2 vols. Harmondsworth, Middlesex & Baltimore: Penguin English Library, 1969. [Based on 1485 Caxton]

 

---. Chronicles of King Arthur. Ed. Sue Bradbury. Illustrated by Edward Bawden. London, England: Folio Society, 1982.

 

---. Le Morte Darthur. Ed. R. M. Lumiansky. London, England: Collier Macmillan Publishing, 1982. [based on 1485 Caxton]

 

---. Caxton’s Malory. Ed. James W. Spisak. 2 vols. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1983.

 

---Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte Darthur: King Arthur and the Legends of the Round Table, a Rendition in Modern Idiom. Ed. Keith Baines. New York, NY: Bramhall House, 1988. [Based on 1485 Caxton]

 

---. King Arthur and His Knights; A Noble and Joyous History. Ed. Phillip Schuyler Allen. New York, NY: Barnes & Noble, 1995.

 

---. Le Morte Darthur: Complete, Unabridged, and Illustrated. Ed. John Matthews. Illustrated by Anna-Marie Ferguson. London, England: Cassell & Co., 2000.

 

---. Le Morte Darthur or The Hoole Book of Kyng Arthur and of His Noble Knyghtes of The Round Table. Ed. Stephen H. A. Shepherd. Norton Critical Editions. New York, NY: W.W. Norton, 2004. 

 

The Major Sources of the Morte (Brief Reference Bibliography)

 

The Death of King Arthur. Trans. James Cable. London, England: Penguin, 1971.

 

L’Histoire del Saint Graal. Ed. Jean-Paul Ponceau. 2 vols. Paris, France: Champion, 1997.

 

Hardyng, John. The Chronicle of Iohn Hardyng. Ed. Henry Ellis. New York, NY: AMS Press, 1974.

 

The High Book of the Grail: A Translation of the Thirteenth-Century Romance Perlesvaus. Trans. Nigel Bryant. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 1978.

 

Lancelot: roman en prose du XIII siecle. Ed. Alexandre Micha. 9 vols. Geneva, Switzerland: Droz, 1978-83.

 

Lancelot of the Lake. Trans. Corley Corin. Intro. Elspeth Kennedy. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1989.

 

Lancelot-Grail: The Old French Arthurian Vulgate and Post-Vulgate in Translation. Ed. Norris J. Lacy. 5 vols. New York, NY: Garland, 1993-6.

 

Merlin and the Grail. Trans. Nigel Bryant. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2001.

 

Merlin, or the Early History of King Arthur: A Prose Romance. Ed. Henry B. Wheatley EETS o.s. 10, 21, 36, 112. 1865-99.

 

Merlin, Roman en prose du XIII siecle. Eds. Gaston Paris and Jacob Ulrich. 2 vols. Paris: Firmin Didot 1886.

 

Merlin: Roman du XIIIe siecle. Ed. Alexandre Micha. Paris, France: Droz, 1980.

 

Mort Artu: An Old French Romance of the XIIIIth Century. Ed. J.D. Bruce. Halle, Germany: Max Niemeyer, 1910.

 

Le mort le roi Artu. Ed. Jean Frappier. 3rd ed. Geneva, Switzerland: Droz, 1996.

 

Le Morte Arthur. Ed. P. F. Hissinger. The Hague, Germany: Mouton, 1975.

 

Morte Arthure. Ed. Mary Hamel. New York, NY: Garland, 1984.

 

Le haut livre du Graal: Perslevaus. Eds. William A. Nitze & T. Atkinson Jenkins. 2 vols. New York, NY: Phaeton, 1932-7.

 

The Quest of the Holy Grail. Trans. Pauline M. Matarasso. London, England: Penguin, 1969.

 

La Queste del Saint Graal: Roman du XIIIe siecle. Ed. Albert Pauphilet. Paris, France: Champion, 1923.

 

La Roman de Tritan en prose. Ed. Renee L. Curtis. vol. 1. Warsaw, Poland: Max Hueber, 1963; vol. 2. Leiden, Holland: Brill, 1976; vol. 3. Cambridge, England: D. S. Brewer, 1985.

 

La roman de Tristan en prose. Ed. Philippe Menard. 9 vols. Geneva, Switzerland: Droz, 1986-95.

 

La Suite du roman de Merlin. Ed. Gilles Roussineau. 2 vols. Geneva, Switzerland: Droz, 1996.

 

La Version Post-Vulgate de la queste del Saint Graal et de la mort Artu: Troisieme partie du Roman du Graal. Ed. Fanni Bogdanow. 4 vols. in 5. Paris: Societe des Anciens Texts Francais, 1991-2001.

 

The Vulgate Version of the Arthurian Romances. Ed. H. Oskar Sommer. 8 vols. Washington: Carnegie Institution, 1908-16.

 

Online Resources for Le Morte Darthur

 

Benson, Larry D. ed. King Arthur’s Death: The Middle English Stanzaic Morte Arthur and Alliterative Morte Arthure. TEAMS Middle English Text Series.  Kalamazoo, MI: Medieval Institute Publications, 1994.  The Camelot Project. University of Rochester.  Accessed June 2, 2008.  <http://www.library.rochester.edu/camelot/TEAMS/alstint.htm

 

Early English Books Online. Includes facsimile images of the the 1485 Caxton, 1529 de Worde, 1557 Copland, 1585 East, and 1634 Stansby copies of the Morte. <eebo.chadwyck.com>

 

Kato, Takako, ed. The Malory Project. Updated January 9, 2008. <http://www.maloryproject.org>

 

Lupack, Allan. The Camelot Project. Includes numerous Middle English TEAMS texts such as the Alliterative Morte Arthure and Stanzaic Mort Arthur. <http://www.lib.rochester.edu/Camelot/cphome.stm>

 

Olsen, Mark. Textes de Francais Ancien. Includes Mort le roi Artu, Queste del Saint Graal, Roman de Tristan, Roman de l' Estoire dou Graal, & the Roman de Tristan. <http://www.lib.uchicago.edu./efts/ARTFL/projects/TLA>

 

Sommer, H. Oskar, Ed. Le Morte Darthur by Syr Thomas Malory, the original edition of William Caxton in the University of Michigan’s Corpus of Middle English Prose and Poetry. <http://name.umdl.umich.edu/MaloryWks2>

 

---.The Vulgate Version of the Arthurian Romances. Internet Archive. <http://www.archive.org/search.php?query=creator%3A%22Sommer% 2C%20H.%20Oskar%20(Heinrich%20Oskar)%2C%201861-%22>

 

Critical Resources for Textual Criticism of Malory's Morte Darthur

 

Blake, Norman. “Caxton at Work: A Reconsideration.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 233-253.

 

Cherewatuk, Karen. “Sir Thomas Malory’s ‘Grete Booke.’” The Social and Literary Context of Malory’s Morte Darthur. Arthurian Studies Vol. xlii. Eds. D. Thomas Hanks, Jr. & Jessica Gentry Brogdon. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 42-67.

 

Cooper, Helen. “Opening up the Malory Manuscript.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 255-284.

 

Evans, Murray J. “The Explicits and Narrative Division in the Winchester MS: A Critique of Vinaver’s Malory.” Philological Quarterly 58.3 (Summer 1979): 263-281.

 

---. “The Two Scribes in the Winchester MS: The Ninth Explicit and Malory’s ‘Hoole Book.’” Manuscripta 27.1 (March 1983): 38-44.

 

Fraistat, Neil & Elizabeth Bergmann Loizeaux. “Introduction: Textual Studies in the Late Age of Print.” Reimagining Textuality: Textual Studies in the Late Age of Print. Eds. Elizabeth Bergmann Loizeaux & Neil Fraistat. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002. 3-16.

 

Grimm, Kevin T. “Wynkyn de Worde and the Creation of Malory’s Morte Darthur.” The Social and Literary Context of Malory’s Morte Darthur. Arthurian Studies Vol. xlii. Eds. D. Thomas Hanks, Jr. & Jessica Gentry Brogdon. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 134-153.

 

Hanks, D. Thomas, Jr. “Back to the Past: Editing Malory’s Le Morte Darthur.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 285-300.

 

Hellinga, Lotte. “The Malory Manuscript and Caxton.” Aspects of Malory. Eds. Toshiyuki Takamiya & Derek Brewer. Cambridge, UK:  D.S. Brewer, 1981. pp. 127-142

 

Holbrook, Sue Ellen. “On the Attractions of the Malory Incunable and the Malory Manuscript.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 323-365.

 

Kato, Takako. The Malory Project. Centre for Textual Studies. The British Library. Updated 2006. Accessed 2008.  <http://www.cts.dmu.ac.uk/malory/index.htm>

 

---.“Towards the Digital Winchester: Editing the Winchester Manuscript of Malory’s Morte Darthur.” International Journal of English Studies 5.2 (2005):175-192.

 

Kelliher, Hilton. “The Early History of the Malory Manuscript.” Aspects of Malory. Eds. Toshiyuki Takamiya & Derek Brewer. Cambridge, UK:  D.S. Brewer, 1981. 143-158.

 

Ker, N.R. “Introduction.” The Winchester Malory: A Facsimile. Early English Text Society. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1976. ix-xxii.

 

Kindrick, Robert L. “Introduction: Caxton, Malory, and an Authentic Arthurian Text.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. xv-xxxii.

 

Kobylinski, Wayne. “Intimations of Immateriality: Narratives of Electronic Literary Space.” TEXT Technology 11.2 (Winter 2002): 31-51.

 

Lewis, C. S. “The English Prose Morte.” Essays on Malory.  Ed. J. A. W. Bennett. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1963. 14-28.

 

Life, Page West. “Sir Thomas Malory and the Morte Darthur:  A Survey of Scholarship and Annotated Bibliography.” Dissertation for the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1979. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms International, 1980. 311 pp.

 

Lumiansky, R.M. “A Different View of the Winchester Manuscript of Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte Darthur.” Notes and Queries 34.2 (June 1987): 153-4.

 

Lupack, Allan & Barbara Tepa. The Camelot Project. The University of Rochester. Accessed May 18, 2008. < http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/cphome.stm>

 

Machan, Tim William. Textual Criticism and Middle English Texts. Charlottesville, VA: University of Virginia Press, 1994. 250 pp.

 

McCarthy, Terence. “Old Worlds, New Worlds: King Arthur in England.” The Social and Literary Context of Malory’s Morte Darthur. Arthurian Studies Vol. xlii. Eds. D. Thomas Hanks, Jr. & Jessica Gentry Brogdon. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 5-23.

 

Matthews, William. “A Question of Texts.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 65-107.

 

Meale, Carol M. “ The ‘Hoole Book’: Editing and the creation of Meaning in Malory’s Text.” A Companion to Malory. Eds. Elizabeth Archibald and A.S.G. Edwards. Cambridge, England, D.S. Brewer, 1996. 3-17.

 

Moorman, Charles. “Desperately Defending Winchester: Arguments from the Edge.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 109-125.

 

---.Editing the Middle English Manuscript. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1975. 106 pp.

 

Norris, Ralph. Malory’s Library: The Sources of the Morte Darthur. Arthurian Studies lxxi.  Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer 2008. 187 pp

 

Oakeshott, W.F. “Malory Find at Winchester: Pre-Caxton MS. of ‘Morte D’arthur.’” The Daily Telegraph (June 25, 1934): 7. Accessed May 18, 2008. <http:virtual.park.uga.edu/~jdm evans/public/june25.html>

 

---. “The Finding of the Manuscript.” Essays on Malory. ed. J. A. W. Bennet. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press, 1963. 1-13

 

---.“A ‘Morte Darthur’ Manuscript: Discovery at Wincester.” The Times (June 26, 1934). Accessed May 18, 2008. <http://virtual.park.uga.edu/~jdmevans/public/june26.html>

 

---. “A Malory MS.: The Discovery at Winchester.” Times Literary Supplement (August 25, 1934). Accessed May 18, 2008. <http://virtual.park.uga.edu/~jdmevans/public/august.ht ml>

 

---.“The Text of Malory.” Times Literary Supplement. September 27, 1934. Accessed 2/28/08. <http://www.english.uga.edu/~jdmevans/public/september.html>

 

Parins, Marylyn Jackson.  Malory: The Critical Heritage. The Critical Heritage Series.  New York, NY: Routledge, 1988. 409 pp.

 

Roland, Meg. “Malory’s Roman War Episode: An Argument for a Parallel Text.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 315-322.

 

Spagenburg, Lisa L. ed. The Digital Medievalist. Updated 1/23/2003. Accessed May 18, 2008. <http://www.digitalmedievalist.com/urls/digital.html>

 

Takagi, Masako & Toshiyuki Takamiya. “Caxton Edits the Roman War Episode: The Chronicles of England and Caxton’s Book v.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of  Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 169-190.

 

Wheeler, Bonnie & Salda, Michael N. “Introduction: The Debate on Editing Malory’s Le Morte Darthur.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. ix-xiii.

 

Yeats-Edwards, Paul. “The Winchester Malory Manuscript: An Attempted History.” The Malory Debate: Essays on the Texts of Le Morte Darthur. Eds. Bonnie Wheeler, Robert L. Kindrick, & Michael N. Salda. Cambridge, England: D.S. Brewer, 2000. 367-387.